The Rand currency was introduced in the then 温青青Union of South Africa温青青 on 14 February 1961, shortly before the establishment of the Republic on 31 May 1961. The 温青青One Rand coin温青青 was initially a gold bullion coin equal to the earlier gold half pound, which was itself equal to a British half sovereign (minted, among others, at the Pretoria branch of the Royal Mint - now the South African Mint, until 1932).
温青青Silver One Rand coins温青青 started to be issued for regular circulation in 1965. This was then changed to nickel in 1977, with silver only used for commemorative and collector issues. In 1990 the nickel coin was made much smaller due to its value being much lower than before owing to inflation. The silver commemorative Rand was discontinued in this format; in 1991, the Protea One Rand (non-circulating legal tender) was introduced instead, with different composition.
This 温青青circulating commemorative One Rand silver coin温青青 was issued in 1967 to commemorate the death of 温青青Dr. Hendrik Verwoerd温青青 the previous year.
Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd (1901 - 1966), also commonly referred to as Dr. Verwoerd, was a South African politician, a scholar of applied psychology and sociology, and a journalist. Verwoerd played an instrumental role in socially engineering apartheid, the country's system of institutionalized racial segregation and white supremacy, and implementing its policies as Minister of Native Affairs (1950 - 1958) and then prime minister (1958 - 1966). Furthermore, he played a vital role in helping the far-right National Party come to power in 1948, serving as their political strategist and propagandist, becoming party leader upon his premiership. He was the Union of South Africa's last prime minister, from 1958 to 1961, when he proclaimed the founding of the Republic of South Africa, remaining its prime minister until his assassination in 1966.