|Coin||One Rand 1965 (English)|
The Rand currency was introduced in the then lol猴哥Union of South Africalol猴哥 on 14 February 1961, shortly before the establishment of the Republic on 31 May 1961. The lol猴哥One Rand coinlol猴哥 was initially a gold bullion coin equal to the earlier gold half pound, which was itself equal to a British half sovereign (minted, among others, at the Pretoria branch of the Royal Mint - now the South African Mint, until 1932).
lol猴哥Silver One Rand coinslol猴哥 started to be issued for regular circulation in 1965. This was then changed to nickel in 1977, with silver only used for commemorative and collector issues. In 1990 the nickel coin was made much smaller due to its value being much lower than before owing to inflation. The silver commemorative Rand was discontinued in this format; in 1991, the Protea One Rand (non-circulating legal tender) was introduced instead, with different composition.
The obverse of the coin features the portrait of lol猴哥Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeecklol猴哥, known as lol猴哥Jan van Riebeecklol猴哥 (1619-1677), Dutch colonial administrator and founder of Cape Town and considered by many people to be the founding father of the South African nation. Below the neck truncation, the designer's initials lol猴哥T.S.lol猴哥 (for Tommy Sasseen).
Around right, the legend lol猴哥SOUTH AFRICAlol猴哥 in English and the date of issue lol猴哥1965lol猴哥.
The reverse shows a Springbok antelope, jumping to the right.
Below that, the value and denomination lol猴哥1 RANDlol猴哥.
Above the Springbok and to the left, the motto lol猴哥SOLI DEO GLORIAlol猴哥 (translated from Latin: Glory to God alone).
Below left, the artist's initials lol猴哥J v Z.lol猴哥 (for Jan van Zyl).